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Counseling Approaches

Programs that specialize in providing treatment services which represent a particular theoretical orientation or incorporate specialized techniques, methods or practices for people who have mental, emotional or social problems.

Behavioral Learning Therapy
Programs that specialize in providing therapeutic interventions that are based on the principle that most disorders are learned ways of behaving that are maladaptive and consequently can be best modified in more adaptive directions through relearning. Treatment focuses directly on modifying the individual's troublesome behaviors without reference to introspection, mental processes and contents, or analysis of the origins of the problem.

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Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
Programs that specialize in providing therapeutic interventions that treat thoughts and cognitions as behaviors which are amenable to behavioral procedures.

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Humanistic Therapy
Programs that specialize in providing therapeutic interventions that are based on principles that are shared by a diverse group of schools which emphasize the importance of the therapeutic interpersonal relationship between the therapist and the client as the vehicle through which change is accomplished.

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Multimodal Therapy
Programs that specialize in providing therapeutic interventions that are based on the approach developed by Arnold Lazarus which suggests the basic premise that clients are usually troubled by a multitude of specific problems that should be dealt with by a similar multitude of specific treatments. Multimodal therapy transcends the behavioral tradition by dealing in great depth with sensory, imagery, cognitive and interpersonal factors and their interactive effects. The task of the therapist is to develop the unique set of interventions that is appropriate for each individual based on a multimodal assessment of his or her temperament and personality. Assessments and interventions are structured around the seven modalities which are summarized by the acronym BASIC I.D.: behavior, affect, sensation, imagery, cognition, interpersonal relationships and drugs and biological factors.

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