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Programs that provide assistance in the form of advocacy, arbitration, certificates/forms assistance, class action litigation, legal counseling, legal representation, mediation, paralegal counseling, self-representation assistance and/or court watching which focus on a particular area of law.
Programs that provide assistance for people who are having difficulty understanding and/or obtaining cash grants, services or other benefits to which they are entitled by law. The programs may help people understand the eligibility criteria for benefits, the benefits provided by the program, the payment process and the rights of beneficiaries; provide consultation and advice; help them complete benefits application forms; negotiate on their behalf with benefits administration staff; and/or represent them in administrative processes or judicial litigation. Included are benefits counseling organizations that offer a range of advocacy services and legal aid programs that offer more formalized legal assistance.
Click here for a listing of benefits assistance services.
Programs that provide assistance in the area of law that applies to the organization, structure and functions of government; the rights guaranteed to citizens by the Constitution; and the basic principles of government and the validity of laws and actions when tested against the requirements of the Constitution.
Click here for a listing of constitutional law services.
Programs that provide assistance for people who have cases involving violations of federal and state/provincial statutes governing sales and credit practices involving consumer goods in situations where appeals to consumer complaints organizations have not resolved the issue. Consumer law cases involve deceptive or unconscionable advertising and sales practices, product quality, credit financing and reporting, debt collection, leases, and other aspects of consumer transactions.
Click here for a listing of consumer law services.
Programs that provide information and/or assistance for individuals and organizations who need advice regarding the establishment or operation of their corporation or who want to initiate or respond to litigation which pertains to the area of law governing corporate entities.
Click here for a listing of corporate law services.
Programs that provide assistance for people who have been charged with an offense made criminal by federal or state/provincial laws or municipal or local ordinances and punishable by death, imprisonment, fines, restitution or other specified sanctions.
Click here for a listing of criminal law services.
Programs that provide assistance for people who believe that they have been treated unfairly or denied normal privileges based on their age, gender, race or ethnic origin, nationality, religion, disability, sexual orientation or marital status. In Canada, sources of income, same-sex partner status, criminal convictions, political belief and family status may apply. Discrimination protections may be covered by provisions of the U.S. Constitution or Canadian Charter of Rights, but are more frequently addressed by statutory law at the federal, state/provincial or municipal level.
Click here for a listing of discrimination assistance services.
Programs that provide advice and guidance for individuals who need assistance in the area of law which relates to the rights and needs of older adults, especially in the areas of age discrimination, consumer fraud, estate planning and management, living trusts, trust administration, probate, property law, retirement planning, pension benefits, Social Security benefits, Medicaid/Medi-Cal and Medicare, disability planning, long-term care alternatives, health care decisions, elder abuse, guardianships and conservatorships.
Click here for a listing of elder law services.
Estate Planning Assistance
Programs that offer a review of options and assistance to people who want to provide for the administration and/or protection of their assets during their lifetime, develop a plan for managing their finances in the event of a disabling illness, prepare binding instructions for the health care they wish to receive or avoid should they become terminally ill, make arrangements for the disposition of their assets with a minimum amount of taxation upon their death and provide for the administration of their estate should their spouse or other beneficiaries be incapable of managing their affairs. Estate planning provides an opportunity for individuals to make their wishes known and to name the person(s) who will be responsible for carrying out those directives. Tools available during the estate planning process include a Last Will and Testament, durable power of attorney for health care, durable financial power of attorney and a directive to physicians such as a living will, natural death directive or other state-recognized document. A revocable living trust may also be appropriate in some circumstances.
Click here for a listing of estate planning assistance services.
Programs that provide assistance for people who are involved in disputes or legal actions which affect their domestic relationships.
Click here for a listing of family law services.
General Legal Aid
Programs that provide legal counseling and/or representation for low-income and indigent individuals who need assistance in routine legal matters, usually in the area of bankruptcy, housing, public benefits, family law, elder law or immigration/naturalization.
Click here for a listing of general legal aid services.
Programs that provide assistance, information and support for tenants and/or landlords who are involved in rental housing disputes; or which administer state/provincial laws or local ordinances which govern rent control and other aspects of tenant/landlord relations.
Click here for a listing of landlord/tenant assistance services.
Lawyer Referral Services
Programs that maintain lists of private attorneys and link people who need legal assistance with attorneys who specialize in the required area of law.
Click here for a listing of lawyer referral services services.
Public officials in the United States and Canada who are authorized by the state/provincial government to administer oaths and affirmations, take affidavits and depositions, attest to the authenticity of signatures and take acknowledgment of and certify deeds and other conveyances.
Click here for a listing of notary public services.
Patient Rights Assistance
Programs that provide information, education, advocacy and/or other forms of legal assistance which relate to the rights of people who are patients in a health or mental health facility, who are residents of convalescent or other skilled or unskilled long or short-term care facilities including board and care homes or who are incapacitated and are being cared for at home by family members. Services may also be available to significant others of these individuals.
Click here for a listing of patient rights assistance services.
Programs that provide information and guidance on an individual or group basis for people who need to understand the implications of the tax laws for individuals in their situation, who need copies of appropriate tax forms, who require assistance in preparing and filing tax returns, or who want to appeal an assessment or prepare for an audit.
Click here for a listing of tax assistance services.
Tax Collection Agencies
Programs that are responsible for the determination, assessment and collection of taxes, special assessments and other monies that are owed to local, state and federal jurisdictions by taxpayers. These groups prepare analyses of taxes, tax characteristics and tax proposals that serve as the basis for tax policy; ensure that taxpayers have the most current information regarding their tax obligations and their rights; review tax returns; pursue unpaid taxes; and respond to complaints from taxpayers.
Click here for a listing of tax collection agencies services.
Wage Garnishment Assistance
Programs that provide legal assistance for people who have received a judgment in their favor and need to file for a writ of execution and attach the wages of the individual in order to obtain payment; and/or which help individuals who have had a judgment made against them ensure that the amount of money that is garnished does not exceed the limits established by federal law and that their job rights are not violated.
Click here for a listing of wage garnishment assistance services.