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Criminal Justice and Legal Services
Programs that promote and preserve the conditions that enable community residents to live in a safe and peaceful environment through the enforcement of laws that protect life and property and the administration of justice according to the principles of law and equity. Included are crime prevention programs as well as programs that investigate and make arrests for criminal behavior; provide support for witnesses to and victims of crimes; and provide for the arraignment, prosecution and defense, judgment, sentencing, confinement and eventual release and resettlement of offenders.
Federal and state/provincial judicial bodies whose function is to resolve disputes and dispense justice according to the principles of law and equity. Court processes involve interpreting the laws; presiding over encounters between the prosecution and defense in criminal matters and plaintiffs and defendants in civil matters; examining evidence and the credibility of witnesses; instructing juries; and determining liability and damages in civil matters and guilt or acquittal and sentencing in criminal matters. Courts also have the power to grant restraining orders, injunctions or other restrictions in appropriate circumstances.
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Criminal Correctional System
Programs that provide for the detention, confinement, rehabilitation and care of offenders who are inmates in correctional facilities or participants in alternative programs; and/or which are responsible for the supervision and support of ex-offenders upon release from a correctional facility.
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Programs within the court system or which operate in cooperation with the courts that carry out the administrative functions required for handling the disposition of people who have been accused of a crime prior to trial; and the indictment, arraignment, trial and sentencing of people who have been arrested and charged with a crime.
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Law Enforcement Agencies
Agencies that are part of city, county, state/provincial or federal government or university departments that are responsible for preserving peace, protecting life and property, preventing and detecting crime and apprehending and arresting suspects.
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Law Enforcement Services
Programs offered by law enforcement agencies and other organizations that provide specific measures for discouraging preventable crime, obtaining information from the public about suspected criminal activity, investigating alleged crimes, providing support for witnesses to and victims of crimes and reducing targeted types of crime.
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Legal Assistance Modalities
Programs that protect the rights of individuals or groups who are involved in civil, criminal or administrative actions or who have been denied services or other benefits or privileges to which they are entitled by law by furnishing legal advice, advising the party of his or her rights and possible solutions, negotiating a settlement, preparing legal documents, appearing in court on behalf of the party, preparing the party to represent him or herself in court and/or attending trials to monitor court proceedings.
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Programs whose primary purpose is to inform the public of the rights and responsibilities of individuals under the law, the need for crime prevention, protection and swift and effective administration of justice, the availability of resources to meet these needs and the issues and problems that relate to the provision of services in the criminal justice and legal area.
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Programs that provide assistance in the form of advocacy, arbitration, certificates/forms assistance, class action litigation, legal counseling, legal representation, mediation, paralegal counseling, self-representation assistance and/or court watching which focus on a particular area of law.
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